Also known as chronic glaucoma, the only noticeable symptom of open-angle glaucoma is gradual loss of vision. Because the vision loss is so slow, you may suffer permanent damage before you suspect a problem. This is the most common type of glaucoma.
Angle-closure glaucoma, or acute glaucoma, is an eye care emergency caused by the rapid buildup of fluid in the eye, resulting in pressure that causes severe pain, blurred vision, brow pain and nausea.
Glaucoma can also be a congenital defect diagnosed in childhood. Congenital glaucoma is a defect in the angle of the eye, which impacts the way fluids drain, causing cloudy, watery eyes and light sensitivity.
This type of glaucoma is a side effect of other eye conditions, injuries, or certain medications.
Normal tension glaucoma is damage to the optic nerve without an increase in eye pressure.
Glaucoma is often diagnosed during a comprehensive eye examination. Our providers may ask about a family history of glaucoma or health conditions or medications that are associated with the condition. A tonometry test can measure the internal pressure in your eye, while a pachymetry test determines whether you are at a higher risk of developing glaucoma and perimetry tests (visual field) tell us whether glaucoma is impacting your vision.
When treating glaucoma, our goal is to reduce the pressure in your optic nerve and protect your vision. Prescription eye drops are our first line of defense against glaucoma, but in some cases surgery may be required.